Wednesday, October 14, 2015

Yulduz Urmanova writes


The clean window of the bus
Takes me to the dreams.
And they turn into the breeze,
Again I go to your side.
Dew reminds of your eyes,
World smiles at me like you.
I don’t know whom I resemble,
But my heart longs for yours.
Elderly hollow-chest trees,
Grass shakes head shyly,
Dew–faced flowers' buds
Remind me of you when they smile.
Take me away, tramp thought,
And tramp, dream to far-away.
I miss hard your heart, your soul,
If only I could fill up your face.
Every morning I remember again,
I’m lost in thought, world’s without one.
At your side also it’s spring,
Maybe now it’s getting dark…
This evening I think of nothing else,
May God not part with some missing one.
Window of bus reminds me of you,
Oh, my dear… Mother Andijan…



  1. Andijan is the administrative, economic, and cultural center of the Andijan Region of Uzbekistan, in the south-eastern edge of the Fergana valley near the border with Kyrgyzstan. It is one of the oldest cities in the area and was an important spot on the Silk Road. It is perhaps best known as the birthplace of Babur, the first Mughal emperor, and under him and his successors art and culture flourished. After the formation of the Khanate of Kokand in the 18th century, the capital was moved from Andijan to Kokand, and the Russians conquered the khanate in 1876, In the Andijan Uprising of 1898 the followers of Sufi leader Madali Ishan attacked the Russian barracks in the city; in retaliation, 18 people were hanged and 360 exiled. After Soviet rule was established in 1917, the city became part of the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic. During World War II, many Soviet citizens were evacuated to Andijan and surrounding towns, and Jewish refugees fleeing Nazi-occupied Poland who had been banished to Siberia and Central Asia also relocated to the city. In the 1990s, the region became politically unstable due to poverty and an upsurge in Islamic fundamentalism; the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 and the emergence of an independent Uzbekistan further worsened the economic situation.

  2. On 13 May 2005 Uzbek Interior Ministry (MVD) and National Security Service (SNB) troops opened fire on protestors, who .had initially demanded the release of 23 local businessmen arrested nearly a year earlier on charges of "extremism, fundamentalism and separatism" and subsequently with membership in the banned Akromiya terrorist group. The businessmen were supporters of
    the former provincial governor Kobiljon Obidov, a leader of the Ferghana clan, who had been impeached and replaced with Saydullo Begaliyev, formerly Minister of Agriculture and Water. The Tashkent-Fergana clan alliance traditionally controlled the NSB, and rival Samarkand clan controlled the MVB. A series of bombings in 2004 in Tashkent and Bukhara may have been done by the SNB against the Interior Ministry, and.both agencies had allegedly considered coups against President Islam Karimov, who had personally attended the impeachment proceedings against Obidov. During the unrest security forces under the Ministry of Defense acted as police forces. MFB troops were abolished and counter-terrorism divisions were put under the command of the Ministry of Defense or the SNB. Karimov replaced the Interior Minister with the deputy director of the SNB, a member of the Tashkent clan, greatly shifted control of security.
    As the trials of the businessmen began, the protests grew; by 11 May over 4,000 demonstrators had gathered to hear the verdict, but the government postponed the scheduled sentencing and began to arrest some protesters as well as relatives of the defendants late on 12 May, prompting an armed attack against the prison where the businessmen were held; hundreds of prisoners escaped and several prison guards were killed. Then the 23 defendants and other armed men seized the regional administration building and took at least twenty hostages, including the Head of the Prosecutors Office and the Chief of the Tax Inspection Authority, but an assault against the SNB headquarters failed. The number of protestors in Babur Square continued to grow, shootings began, and the Babur cinema and theater were torched. In the evening the government launched a major offensive on the square without warning; 12,500 troops -- including the 17th Air-Assault Brigade, a special operations battalion from the Eastern Military District, a brigade of rapid reaction forces, a battalion of special forces "Bars" from the Ministry of the Interior, and four special forces units from the National Security Service -- began to fire indiscriminately, including the use of snipers, automatic weapons, and armored personnel carriers; after the initial shootings, some reports alleged the troops systematically shot the wounded. As many as 1,500 may have been killed, though the official count is 187; the bodies of many were allegedly hidden in mass graves holding 15 to 20 people each or were thrown into the Karasu River. On 14 May thousands of people trying to flee the country stormed government buildings in the eastern frontier town of Qorasuv, 50 km to the east; they torched police offices and cars before attacking guards on the Kyrgyz border. Authorities in Kyrgyzstan turned 6,000 Uzbeks away
    Karimov later replaced Begaliyev with the former security head of the MVB of Namangan province.


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